Material handling is defined as the process of movement, protection, storage and control of materials and products undertaken in certain workplace environments that deal with the manufacturing, distribution and disposal of products.
A work platform, also known as a “mezzanine platform” or “mezzanine,” is an elevated surface that allows for greater usage of vertical space. Like pallet racking, work platforms take unused vertical space and create a usable surface. But unlike pallet racking, work platforms create large, flat areas of flooring that can be used for a wide variety of purposes. Common work platform applications include elevated machinery space, catwalks elevated product storage space, and even office space.
Pallet Flow Rack
Pallet flow racking is all about moving inventory in and out faster using a skate wheel conveyor system. This first-in/first out (FIFO) loading system and with a 3 lane and pallet break system is costly but provides a valuable means of high density storage since pallets can go 20+ pallets deep.
Pallet stops are used as a brake, so that your forklift driver knows where to stop when putting the pallets into place. Pallet stops are also used to prevent pallets from being pushed off the rack or pushed in too far and damaging other pallets.
Pallet Supports maintain the structural integrity of pallets in the rack by minimizing the amount of deflection while supporting the bottom of the pallet to prevent it from falling between beams. Pallet support bars are used in pallet rack for added pallet fall protection. Pallet supports connect from the front to the back of the cross beams.
Warehouse pick modules are high density storage systems that are composed of a combination of storage solutions like pallet rack, shelving, carton flow rack and pallet flow systems in order to store inventory for picking and order fulfillment. The idea behind the warehouse pick module is optimum flow efficiency. Palletized loads are moved by gravity through the system before being broken into cartons and pieces, then sent to pick areas and finally shipped to the consumer.
Pushback racking is medium to high density storage with selectivity at each pallet facing of the system. Pallets can be stored from 2 to 6 deep along a wall or back to back eliminating aisles and adding more pallet positions to the facility compared to selective or double deep. The Pushback system is made up of a couple of rails and nesting carts that move forward and back on a 2 degree incline. The first pallet is loaded on the top cart by a forklift. When the second pallet is loaded it pushes the first pallet back and so on.
A series of interconnected frames and beams.
Row spacers are placed between frames/uprights to create consistent spacing between back to back pallet rack rows. Row spacers are used in flue spaces between uprights to stabilize the rack system or provide clearance for building columns and other obstacles. Row spacers bolt onto each upright and join the uprights together.
Safety netting is attached at the rear side of a pallet rack bay, and can either sit flush against the upright columns or offset, depending on how deep the pallet loads usually extend back. Netting made to snag runaway product may have a tighter mesh pattern than that intended for humans. Pallet rack safety netting is made of a nylon or plastic mesh which is placed on the back of rack systems for increased safety and fall protection.
A thin, often tapered piece of material (such as wood, metal, or stone) used to fill in space between things (as for support, leveling, or adjustment of fit). When installing a pallet rack system on an uneven floor, shims are used under the uprights to ensure the pallet rack footplate is as close to plumb with the floor as possible.
Measuring concrete slab thickness, reinforcing bars distribution, size and depth, concrete cover thickness, concrete hardness and strength.
According to OSHA, all goods, materials, and equipment at work sites must be stacked, stored, and secured in such a way that they do not flow, move, roll, or collapse. In areas that are at known risk for seismic activity, your pallet rack must be stronger and able to withstand the forces of the earth’s movement without collapsing and damaging your inventory, or injuring employees.
This is the most common style of pallet rack found in warehouses today. The name “selective” defines this system well because you can unload any pallet from the system without having to move another pallet to get to it. In this aspect, selective pallet rack offers operators the most flexible storage option. Almost all pallet rack manufacturers offer a standard selective rack design for their customers, although not all are engineered and manufactured the same. Each manufacturer has a slightly different beam-to-frame connector that differentiates them from the rest. Among these, the “teardrop” selective design has become the favorite and most common design found in warehouses.
Industrial steel shelving systems are ideal for bulk storage applications that don’t require the high capacity or storage volume provided by pallet rack. Steel shelving is a widely popular storage solution in warehouses, industrial settings, fulfillment centers, record storage centers, the food and beverage industry, and many other applications. Industrial steel shelving is available in a wide range of capacities, from light duty shelving to heavy duty bulk shelving capable of holding several thousand pounds per unit.
Teardrop pallet racks are one of the most popular types of pallet racking used by warehouse storage and distribution centers. The boltless design allows for fast and simple assembly without the need for bolts, clips or other fasteners.
Wire Guidance is an electronic and mechanical system that controls VNA (Very Narrow Aisle) enabled forklifts steering by tracking an energized guidewire.
Wire Mesh Deck
Wire mesh deck is a popular form of pallet support that consists of a welded wire grid with channel supports that sits across the load beams creating a shelf level for added protection from falling pallets or products. It is lightweight and allows for airflow and visibility. Most wire decks have support channels welded on the bottom of the wire for increased load support capacity.